The Ultimate Guide To Horse Breeds: From Arabian To Welsh

I’m the type of person who gets excited about horse breeds. When I was younger, I used to watch “My Little Pony” and dream about owning an elegant white Arabian steed like the one Twilight Sparkle rode in the cartoon. 

Now that I’m older, I’ve realized that white horses are actually called palominos, but it doesn’t matter—I still love them! 

But don’t worry if you’re not into horses; this guide will teach you all about different types of horses: where they come from, how they look, what jobs they can do for you… everything! 

So sit back and enjoy this ultimate guide to horse breeds!

7 Best Horse Breeds for Beginners – Horse Breeds
The Ultimate Guide to Horse Breeds from Arabian to Welsh provides a comprehensive overview of horse breeds from around the world, including information on the history, characteristics, and uses of each breed.
Novice riders may want to consider breeds such as the Appaloosa or the Paint Horse due to their gentle temperament.
Proper trail riding etiquette is essential for the safety and enjoyment of all riders on the trail.
Safety equipment, including helmets and protective vests, is essential for any rider, regardless of experience level.
Choosing the right saddle for your horse is crucial for a comfortable and safe riding experience.
Proper hoof care is essential for the overall health and well-being of your horse.
If you’re interested in learning more about horse breeds, resources such as The Ultimate Guide to Horse Breeds and Horse Breeds Guide: Different UK Horse Breeds can provide additional information.
Beginner riders may want to research breeds such as the Quarter Horse or Paint Horse before making a decision.


The Arabian is a breed of horse that originated on the Arabian Peninsula. They are known for their speed, agility, endurance and beauty. 

The Arabian horse also has intelligence and sensitivity which makes it a popular choice among riders who want to learn how to ride without fear of being hurt by their horse if they fall off in an accident.

Arabians are considered the most prized of all horse breeds because of their unique characteristics such as gracefulness and beauty when they run or walk around during competitions such as racing events held in different parts across

America every year where owners compete against each other by showing off how fast their animals can run over short distances while carrying riders who weigh up between 120 pounds (55 kilograms) up until 250 pounds (113 kilograms).

The Appaloosa, known for its striking and unique coat patterns, is a great breed for novice riders due to its gentle temperament. If you’re interested in learning more about horse breeds for beginners, check out our guide on the Top 15 Horse Breeds for Beginner Riders.


The Clydesdale is a large horse breed originally from Clydesdale, Scotland. They are known for their size and strength, as well as their intelligence and good temper. The breed has been used in agriculture, as well as carriage horses, since the Middle Ages.

Clydesdales were first exported to America in 1852 by James Wilson who bred them with Shire mares at his farm near Lancaster County PA until he died in 1862.

The next owner continued breeding them until 1887 when he sold his farm whereupon it was bought by Daniel Luten who continued to breed Clydesdales until 1920 when he sold his herd at auction because they were no longer needed due to automobiles replacing horse drawn carriages throughout America during World War I (1914-1918).

American Quarterhorse

The American Quarter Horse is a breed that originated from the Spanish Jennet, a small and hardy horse that was bred to be a working horse. The breed was developed in America and has been used for racing, rodeo events and other activities since its creation.

The American Quarter Horse has a strong, muscular build with short back and long legs; this gives it an athletic appearance that allows for quick bursts of speed when needed. 

Their temperament is generally considered to be gentle but spirited; they’re also known for being intelligent animals who respond well to training so they can excel at whatever task you put them up against!

Proper trail riding etiquette is essential for the safety and enjoyment of all riders on the trail. To learn more about trail riding etiquette, check out our comprehensive guide on the Ultimate Guide to Trail Riding Etiquette.

Shetland Pony

Shetlands are small, sturdy horses. They have a lively and alert temperament, which makes them ideal for children to ride. They are also known for being quite intelligent, making them easy keepers with minimal care requirements.

The Shetland pony comes in many colors, but the most common is bay (brown), dun (a yellowish brown color), black or grey; roan (a mixture of white hairs with colored ones); skewbald (all over white); piebald (white with patches of another color). 

The minimum height allowed by the American Shetland Pony Society is 30 inches at maturity for mares and 32 inches for stallions; however, some registries allow heights up to 34 inches for both sexes if there is sufficient evidence of good conformation in addition to appropriate breeding history.*

Breed NameShetland Pony
Average height7 to 11.2 hands
Coat colorsBlack, chestnut, bay, and gray
UsesRiding, driving, showing, and as companion animals
TemperamentLively, alert, intelligent, and friendly
Popular BrandsNone

The Shetland Pony is a small and sturdy breed that typically stands between 7 and 11.2 hands high. They come in a variety of colors, including black, chestnut, bay, and gray. Shetlands have lively and alert temperaments, and their intelligence makes them easy to train and take care of.

They are popular for riding, driving, showing, and as companion animals. Some popular brands of Shetland pony equipment include Tough-1 and Weaver.

Morgan Horse

The Morgan horse is a breed of horse that originated in the United States. This breed is known for its athleticism and agility, as well as its friendly disposition. 

The name “Morgan” comes from Justin Morgan, a Vermont farmer who bred horses for use by American troops during the Revolutionary War. 

He was also responsible for developing this particular breed of horse through crossbreeding Thoroughbreds with other breeds such as Narragansett pacers, Standardbreds and Saddlebreds.

Today there are two types of Morgans: light-footed (also called show) or draft (also called working). Light-footed Morgans are bred primarily for riding and showing; they generally stand between 14-16 hands high at maturity while weighing between 1,060 – 1,388 pounds (489 – 618 kg). 

Draft Morgans have been used extensively as work animals throughout history due to their intelligence and strength; these larger animals usually stand between 16 – 17 hands high at maturity while weighing between 1,500 – 2200 pounds (680 – 1000 kg).

Horseback riding can be a fun and exhilarating experience, but it’s important to stay safe by wearing the right safety equipment. Our guide on the Top 15 Pieces of Safety Equipment Every Rider Needs provides a detailed list of safety equipment that every rider should have.


Belgian horses are a breed of draft horse. They are known for their intelligence and strength, making them ideal for riding, driving and pulling carriages. 

They can be found in many colors and sizes; however, the most common color is black with white markings on their face or legs. 

They originated in Belgium where they were used to pull carts through the cobblestone streets of Brussels until World War I when many Belgians were killed off by starvation due to German occupation.

Breed NameBelgian Draft Horse
Average height16.2 to 17 hands
Coat colorsChestnut, sorrel, roan, and black
UsesDraft work, riding, driving, and showing
TemperamentDocile, intelligent, and strong
Popular BrandsNone

Belgian horses are a breed of draft horse that typically stand between 16.2 and 17 hands high. They come in a variety of colors, including chestnut, sorrel, roan, and black.

Belgians are known for their docile temperament, intelligence, and incredible strength, making them ideal for draft work, riding, driving, and showing. Some popular brands of Belgian horse harnesses include Biothane and Zilco.

Paint Horse

The paint horse is a breed of horse known for their colorful markings. They are often used for riding and packing, and the American Paint Horse Association (APHA) is the breed registry for this particular type of horse. The APHA describes them as having “the heart, mind and body to win at any sport they choose.”

Paint horses are actually crosses between Thoroughbreds and Appaloosas–two breeds that have been around since before Columbus arrived in America! 

In fact, there are many different types of crossbreeds throughout history; many people think that crossbreeding can produce healthier animals than purebreds do because they combine traits from both parents’ genes into one animal.


Appaloosa is a breed of horse that is known for its spotted coat. The Appaloosa is a relatively new breed, only dating back to the mid-19th century. They are known for their versatility and athleticism.

Appaloosas have many different types of coats, ranging from dark brown or black with white spots over most of the body (called blanket) to greyish blue with white markings on just the head (called blue roan).

A few rarer variations include seal brown with red stripes on either side of their bodies, dun colored horses with spots called roans or grulla–which means “gray” in Spanish–and palomino colored horses which sport golden yellow coats with darker manes and tails

A properly fitted saddle is essential for a comfortable and safe riding experience for both horse and rider. To learn more about choosing the perfect saddle for your horse, check out our guide on the Ultimate Guide to Choosing the Perfect Saddle for Your Horse.


The Thoroughbred is a breed that has been around for hundreds of years. They are known for their speed and intelligence, making them some of the most sought-after horses in the world. 

Thoroughbreds are often used as racing horses because they can run so fast, but they’re also great jumpers and athletes when it comes to show jumping competitions.

The Thoroughbred was bred from Arabian or Turkish stock by British nobles who wanted to create an animal that could compete against France’s racehorses during their war with Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821). 

The result was this speedy breed which today holds top spots at horse races around the world!

Breed NameThoroughbred
Average height15.2 to 17 hands
Coat colorsBay, chestnut, black, and gray
UsesRacing, eventing, show jumping, and dressage
TemperamentEnergetic, intelligent, and sensitive
Popular BrandsNone

The Thoroughbred has been around for centuries and is known for its speed and intelligence. They typically stand between 15.2 and 17 hands high and come in a range of colors, including bay, chestnut, black, and gray.

Thoroughbreds are highly energetic, intelligent, and sensitive, making them ideal for activities such as racing, eventing, show jumping, and dressage. Despite their popularity, there are currently no specific Thoroughbred equine feeds available in the market.


The Percheron is a large, heavy horse breed which originated in the Perche region of France and descends from the Norman Cob and Ardennes breeds. 

It was originally used as a draft horse for pulling carts or plows, but today they’re more commonly seen in shows and competitions like dressage or driving.

Percherons are known for their large size (they can grow up to 17 hands tall), strength, intelligence and friendly temperament. 

They come in many colors including bay (reddish brown), black, chestnut or gray; some may have white markings on their faces or legs called “socks.”

Keeping your horse’s hooves healthy and in good shape is essential for their overall well-being. Our comprehensive guide on Hoof Care 101: Keeping Your Horse’s Feet in Top Shape provides tips and advice on how to properly care for your horse’s hooves.


Standardbreds are a cross between the Thoroughbred and the Hackney horse. They’re known for their speed, intelligence and trainability.

Standardbreds were originally bred to pull carriages at a fast pace in races that were often over long distances. Today, they are primarily used for harness racing (racing while pulling a cart).

In addition to being very fast runners on the track, Standardbreds have been known to win races even when they’re tired or injured because of their incredible stamina — this makes them great athletes!

Welsh Pony And Cob

The Welsh pony and Cob is a medium-sized breed, standing between 13 and 14 hands high. They are well known for their hardiness and courage, making them ideal horses for children or beginners.

Cob – A cob is a working horse that has been bred from the native stock of Wales. It is usually brown in colour with black points (mane, tail and lower legs). 

The head should be broad between the eyes with small ears set on high cheekbones with a short back skull shape which gives them an alert appearance.

The Welsh Pony was originally bred by Celts who lived in Wales over 2 thousand years ago! They were used as pack animals by travellers crossing mountains before being used as riding ponies on farms where they carried children to school etc..

Breed NameWelsh Pony and Cob
Average height13 to 14 hands
Coat colorsBay, black, chestnut, grey, palomino, and roan
UsesRiding, driving, showing, jumping, and dressage
TemperamentHardy, courageous, intelligent, and gentle
Popular BrandsNone

The Welsh Pony and Cob is a medium-sized breed that typically stands between 13 and 14 hands high. They come in a range of colors, including bay, black, chestnut, grey, palomino, and roan.

They are known for being hardy, courageous, intelligent, and gentle, making them popular choices for children and beginners. Welsh Ponies and Cobs are versatile, and they can be used for a variety of activities, including riding, driving, showing, jumping, and dressage.


We hope you enjoyed our guide to horse breeds. It’s a subject that can be very confusing, but we tried our best to make it as simple as possible so that even the most novice horse owner can understand what they are getting into when they buy one of these animals. 

If there is anything else that you would like us to cover or add on here then please let us know in the comments below!

Further Reading

If you’re interested in learning more about horse breeds, check out these resources:

The Ultimate Guide to Horse Breeds: This book provides detailed information on over 200 horse breeds from around the world, including their history, characteristics, and uses.

Horse Breeds Guide: Different UK Horse Breeds: This guide focuses on horse breeds found in the United Kingdom, providing information on their history and characteristics.

Horse Breeds Guide: This comprehensive guide covers different horse breeds, including their characteristics, history, and uses.


What is the Ultimate Guide to Horse Breeds?

The Ultimate Guide to Horse Breeds is a comprehensive resource that provides information on over 200 horse breeds from around the world, including their history, characteristics, and uses.

What makes a good beginner horse breed?

A good beginner horse breed is typically gentle, calm, and easy to handle. Breeds such as the Quarter Horse, Appaloosa, and Paint Horse are often recommended for beginners.

What is the difference between horse breeds and horse types?

Horse breeds refer to specific populations of horses that have distinct characteristics and are bred for particular purposes. Horse types, on the other hand, refer to general categories of horses, such as draft horses, ponies, and warmbloods.

How do you choose the right horse breed for you?

When choosing a horse breed, consider your level of experience, riding goals, and the type of riding you plan to do. Research different breeds and consult with knowledgeable professionals before making a decision.

What is the history of horse breeding?

Horse breeding dates back thousands of years and has been influenced by many factors, including geography, climate, and the needs of human societies. Different horse breeds developed to serve a variety of purposes, such as riding, racing, and farm work.